THE INCIDENCE OF RURAL POPULATION ASSOCIATED WITH THE QUALITY OF DRINKING WATER SUPPLY A CASE STUDY FROM BUKHAR-ZHYRAU DISTRICT IN KARAGANDA REGION
AO OMAROVA, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2087-3824
Karaganda Medical University, Karaganda c., Republic of Kazakhstan
Along with the ongoing activities, the problem of providing the population with drinking water of guaranteed quality and in sufficient volume remains relevant for rural regions.
The research objective was to study the overall and infectious incidence of the rural population in Karaganda Region related to the water factor.
Material and methods. The object of this research was the overall and infectious incidence of the rural population of the Republic of Kazakhstan and Karaganda Region (Bukhar-Zhyrau District). The sources of information were the following: statistical compilations The Public Health in the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Activities of Health Organizations for the period from 2007 to 2017; information obtained from the Reports on certain infectious and parasitic diseases for the period from 2008 to 2018 of the Department of Public Health of Karaganda Region of the Committee for Public Health Protection of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Republic of Kazakhstan; domestic and foreign literature. Epidemiological diagnostics, statistical method, and the method of mean absolute increment for predicting the exposure to diseases were used to analyze the incidence.
Results and discussion. The values of the overall incidence among rural population of Karaganda Region for 2007-2017 were higher than the republican level, but the dynamics is declining. The epidemiological feature of the overall incidence in Karaganda Region was a high proportion of adult female population.
Territorial Public Health Departments do not register all the infections recognized by World Health Organization as water-related diseases. Nevertheless, the dynamics of registered intestinal infections associated with water in Bukhar-Zhyrau District has a tendency to rise. The group of acute intestinal infections predominated in the structure of water-related intestinal infections.
Conclusion. It is not possible to establish a clear cause-and-effect link between the risk to the public health and the impact of the water factor for a number of reasons: the official data on the incidence and the assessment of drinking water quality can not show the actual picture in rural areas of the region.
Key words: Karaganda Region, incidence, rural population, water-related diseases.