A.А. Akanova1,2, S.U. Kamenova1, A. Yeshmanova1, D.W. Thomas3, A.G. Beltenova1
1Kazakh National Medical University, the neurology internship department,
2Innovative Research School in Gerontology and geriatric, Almaty с., Kazakhstan,
3School of Health Sciences, Therapeutic Recreation Program Eastern Michigan University, Michigan, USA.
THE CURRENT ISSUES OF PARKINSON DISEASE IN KAZAKHSTAN: SURVEY RESULTS
The managing of healthy ageing of the population represents one of the main actual problems of the national health care systems around the world as the aged population is increasing, so, for instance, it is estimated that there will be over 2 billion people worldwide over the age of 65 by the year 2050 . As countries have aged, the rate of age-related chronic diseases and frailty has also risen to epidemic proportions, so that in the U.S. only, 80% of those over 65 have at least one chronic condition, while 50% have more than two chronic conditions . In particular, the age-related neurological disease such as Parkinson Disease (PD) has seen a dramatic increase in international prevalence. Projections suggest that the neurodegenerative diseases like PD will surpass cancer as the leading cause of death by the year 2040 ; thus presenting an ever-growing challenge to more effectively diagnosis, treat and manage symptoms while maintaining an optimal quality of life of the patients. This article mainly aims to discuss the most actual social issues of PD in Kazakhstan based on recent epidemiological survey on the current situation on PD  as well as to suggest a possible future strategy to improve the quality of life of the patients.
Key words: Parkinson Disease, social problems, rehabilitation.